The analysis of uronephrologic morbidity and mortality in Russian Federation during the period of 2002-2014 according to the official statistics

Kaprin A.D., Apolihin O.I., Sivkov A.V., Solnceva T.V., Komarova V.A.

A comparative retrospective analysis of urologic and oncourologic morbidity over the period of 2002-2014 was performed according to the official medical statistics in order to obtain objective information about the state of urologic medical service in the Russian Federation and its regions. ?e incidence of urogenital diseases, malignant neoplasms of the urinary bladder, prostate and kidneys over the period of 2002-2014, and also death rates in Russian population linked to urogenital and oncourologic diseases was investigated.

The results have demonstrated that during the 12-year period a substantial increase in the number of patients with urogenital diseases (+37,5%) was observed. In particular, the increase was dramatic in patients with kidney failure (131,7%), prostate diseases (+90,2%) and urolithiasis (+34,5%). The primary incidence of prostate cancer in the Russian Federation has increased almost threefold (+180,8%). An increase in the primary incidence of urinary bladder and kidney malignant neoplasms was less considerable during this period: +22,9% and + 52,7%, respectively. A positive tendency towards the increase in the detection of oncourologic pathology during medical examinations remained.

A steady growth of death rates in men with malignant tumors was traced over the period of 2002-2014 (+50,1%). A less significant growth of this parameter was observed for malignant kidney neoplasms (+5,9%). The absolute number of patients who have died from urinary bladder malignant neoplasms was decreased by 16,7% over the period. An increase in the mean age of patients who have died from malignant neoplasms of the prostate, kidneys and urinary bladder was observed over the period of 2002-2014.

Authors declare lack of the possible conflicts of interests

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urological morbidity, oncourological morbidity, mortality, Russia, epidemiology