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Number №1, 2021 - page 44-55

Congenital anomalies of the penis: world and national data DOI: 10.29188/2222-8543-2021-14-1-44-54

For citation: Katibov M.I., Bogdanov A.B. Congenital anomalies of the penis: world and national data. Experimental and Clinical Urology 2021;14(1):44-54, https://doi.org/10.29188/2222-8543-2021-14-1-44-54
M.I. Katibov, A.B. Bogdanov
Information about authors:
  • Katibov M.I. – DrSc, Associate Professor, Chief of Urological department of State budgetary institution of the Republic of Dagestan «City Clinical Hospital, Professor of Department of Urology of Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Dagestan State Medical University» of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation; Makhachlala, Russia; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6273-7660
  • Bogdanov A.B. – MD, PhD, Urologist of Urological department of S.P. Botkin City Clinical Hospital, Associate Professor of Department of Urology and Surgical Andrology of Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Further Professional Education «Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education» of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation; Moscow, Russia; https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5347-8364
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Introduction. Congenital anomalies of the penis are among the most common birth defects in humans. However, in the special literature, the issues of malformations of the penis are insufficiently covered. Many of these anomalies, especially rare ones, are not fully understood.

Materials and methods. The degree and complexity of these anomalies require a very careful and correct approach to timely treatment and reduction of negative medical, psychological and social consequences. Taking these circumstances into account, key data on the most common congenital anomalies of the penis were summarized in the form of a lecture material based on modern scientific advances.

Results. The following malformations of the penis are considered as the main types: agenesis of the penis; doubling of the penis; micropenis; hidden penis; megalopenis; rotation of the penis; chordee of the penis; penile cysts; penoscrotal transposition; hemangioma of the penis; lymphedema of the penis; anomalies of the foreskin. Moreover, all types of anomalies are presented with illustrations of real clinical examples.

Conclusions. The information from this work can be successfully used not only in the daily work of practicing doctors of various profiles, but also in scientific and pedagogical activities in various areas: when teaching students of medical universities, postgraduate training of doctors in residency, postgraduate studies and in the courses of advanced training and professional retraining, as well as during scientific research.

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