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Number №4, 2021 - page 73-78

The stereotype of lipid consumption by patients with urolithiasis DOI: 10.29188/2222-8543-2021-14-4-73-78

For citation: Prosyannikov M.Yu., Konstantinova O.V., Kaprin A.D., Apolikhin O.I., Sivkov A.V. ,Voytko D.A., Anokhin N.V., Golovanov S.A., Shaderkin I.A., Bobyrev G.A. The stereotype of lipid consumption in patients with urolithiasis. Experimental and Clinical Urology, 2021;14(4):73-78; https://doi.org/10.29188/2222-8543-2021-14-4-73-78
Prosyannikov M.Yu., Konstantinova O.V., Kaprin A.D., Apolikhin O.I., Sivkov A.V., Voytko D.A., Anokhin N.V., Golovanov S.A., Shaderkin I.A., Bobyrev G.A.
Information about authors:
  • Prosyannikov M.Yu. – PhD, Head of Department of urolithiasis of N.A. Lopatkin Scientific Research Institute of Urology and Interventional Radiology – Branch of the National Medical Research Centre of Radiology of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation; Moscow, Russia; https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3635-5244
  • Konstantinova O.V. – Dr. Sc., Chief Researcher at the Department of urolithiasis of N.A. Lopatkin Scientific Research Institute of Urology and Interventional Radiology – Branch of the National Medical Research Centre of Radiology of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation; Moscow, Russia; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2214-7543
  • Kaprin A.D. – MD, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, General Director of the Federal State Budgetary Institution "NMIC of Radiology" of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Director of the P.A. Herzen Institute of Medical Research, Chief Freelance Oncologist of the Ministry of Health of Russia; Moscow, Russia; https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8784-8415
  • Apolikhin O.I. – Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Director of the N.A. Lopatkin Scientific Research Institute of Urology and Interventional Radiology – Branch of the National Medical Research Centre of Radiology of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation, chief specialist of the Ministry of Health of Russia on male reproductive health; Moscow, Russia; https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0206-043X
  • Sivkov A.V. – PhD, deputy director on scientific work of N.A. Lopatkin Scientific Research Institute of Urology and Interventional Radiology – Branch of the National Medical Research Centre of Radiology of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation; Moscow, Russia; https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8852-6485
  • Voytko D.A. – PhD, Researcher of the department of urolithiasis of N.A. Lopatkin Scientific Research Institute of Urology and Interventional Radiology – Branch of the National Medical Research Centre of Radiology of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation; Moscow, Russia; https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1292-1651
  • Anokhin N.V. – PhD, Researcher of the Department of urolithiasis of N.A. Lopatkin Scientific Research Institute of Urology and Interventional Radiology – Branch of the National Medical Research Centre of Radiology of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation; Moscow, Russia; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4341-4276
  • Golovanov S.A. – Dr. Sc., head of group of scientific laboratory department, N.A. Lopatkin Scientific Research Institute of Urology and Interventional Radiology – Branch of the National Medical Research Centre of Radiology of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation; Moscow, Russia; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6516-4730
  • Shaderkin I. A. – PhD, Head of the e-health Laboratory of the Institute of Digital Medicine of the I. M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University); Moscow, Russia; https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8669-2674
  • Bobyrev G.A. – 5th year student of the Medical Faculty of the Moscow State Medical and Dental University named after A.I. Evdokimov; Moscow, Russia
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Introduction. Various forms of urolithiasis are associated with a number of disorders and diseases in the pathogenesis of which lipid metabolism plays a significant role.

Objective. To determine the stereotype of consumption of fats, saturated fatty acids and cholesterol by patients with calcium and non-calcium urolithiasis.

Materials and methods. In 111 patients with urolithiasis, the stereotype of nutrition was assessed using an electronic questionnaire. The study included data on the consumption of fats, saturated acids (NLC) and cholesterol based on their daily intake by each patient. 2 groups were formed: group 1 – patients with calcium stones (n=81), group 2 – patients with non-calcium stones (n=30). According to the norms of nutrient consumption, each group divided into 3 subgroups: «below the norm», «norm» and «above the norm». Statistical analysis performed using the Statistica 12.0 program (StatSoft, USA) using parametric statistics methods. The results of the statistical analysis were considered significant at the level of p<0.05.

Results. It was found that in 29.6 (18.5- 40.9)% of cases, patients with calcium urolithiasis and in 25.8 (5.9-45.7)% of cases with non-calcium urolithiasis consume an increased amount of fat (p=0.55). Patients with calcium and non-calcium stones consume saturated fatty acids above the norm in 69.1 (58.3-79.9)% and 70.0 (52.6–87.4)%, respectively (p=0.89) and cholesterol in 64.2 (53.6-74.8)% and 60.0 (41.3 - 78.7)%, respectively (p=0.54). It was found that in 7.4 (0–15.8)% of cases, patients with calcium urolithiasis and 3.2% of cases with non-calcium urolithiasis consume insufficient amounts of fat (p=0.18). Patients with calcium and non-calcium stones consume saturated fatty acids below the norm in 6.2 (0-13.5)% and 3.3%, respectively (p= 0.34), and cholesterol in 28.4 (17.8–39.0)% and 3.0 (11–49.9)%, respectively (p=0.80).

Conclusion. Patients with urolithiasis, regardless of the chemical composition of stones (calcium, non-calcium), consume an increased amount of fats, saturated fatty acids and cholesterol in 29,6 (18,5–40,9) %, 69,1(58,3-79,9) % and 64.2 (53.6–74.8)% of cases, respectively. The lack of consumption of fats, saturated fatty acids and cholesterol is experienced 7,4(0–15,8) %, 6,2(0–13,5) % and 28.4 (17.8–39.0)% of patients, respectively. The average values of both elevated and insufficient levels of consumption of these nutrients do not differ in patients with calcium and non-calcium urolithiasis

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urolithiasis, lipid profile, cholesterol, fats, saturated fatty acids

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